Lifting equipment, sometimes called power lifting equipment, is a generic term for any piece of equipment which is used to lift very heavy loads. The type of load could be that of a human being, a piece of heavy furniture or an automobile. Lifting equipment can either be operated by a single person or could be operated by multiple people at the same time.
To ensure safety when using lifting equipment it is necessary to have it properly inspected and tested by a competent person before each use. It is important to have a load that can be lifted comfortably and safely. This is especially true of extremely heavy loads, which should only be handled by a competent person. It may sound obvious, but it must be stressed that anyone who intends to use lifting equipment must thoroughly examine and test the equipment before making use of it. If a load is not perfectly safe to use then it will not serve its purpose and may even result in injury or death.
The examination of lifting equipment includes an examination of its design and its purpose. There are some specific types of lifting people may require such as e.g. those required for loading vehicles, carrying items and transferring from one floor to another. Each type of equipment has specific requirements which must be considered when purchasing it and any purchase or use thereof must comply with the safety requirements of the country in which it is to be used.
For example, there is the question of lowering loads on roofs. The lifting equipment used for this purpose is different from that needed for working on a flat roof. The two types of equipment are different in many respects such as in the way the loads are lowered or raised. When lowering loads on a flat roof, this is usually done by using a hoist rope or some form of mechanism. The person lowering the load uses a harness connected to him by means of a cable or chain. When lowering loads on a roof, this means that there will be a greater risk of causing injury if the equipment is not correctly fitted.
It is necessary to thoroughly examine lifting equipment prior to purchase and use because failure to do so can result in serious injury or even death. Such equipment must be inspected by someone who is fully qualified to do so. This person should be able to advise the buyer as to the type of equipment that would be appropriate for their type of work. He or she should also be able to advise on the lifting accessories which would need to be used in order to safely lower the load.
The lifting equipment examination includes a look at how the load is lifted. It should be shown what happens to the machinery or the equipment when it is not being used or when it is not in operation. The kind of load is important as it will determine whether or not the machinery or equipment breaks down. Similarly, the weight of the materials carried or moved (the weight of the material carried or moved) is also important. If the lifting equipment is not powerful enough to lift a specific weight then it is likely that it will break down or even stop working.
There are a number of factors which determine whether or not lifting equipment can safely be operated. Those factors include the type of lifting operations that take place, the kinds of materials carried or moved and the level of competence of the personnel using them. The departments must ensure that all employees are competent and properly trained. Those who operate the equipment or who use it on behalf of other workers must be sufficiently trained and experienced to do so safely. It is essential that the lifting equipment satisfies national and state regulations in order to minimise the risk of accidents taking place.
When looking at lifting equipment one has to consider the different types of equipment available and their application. Cranes are one type of machine that has become very popular and a mainstay in many industries due to their ease of use. A standard crane system consists of a forklift mounted on a platform (a pallet) with a crane that is controlled by one or more operators. It can lift a load over a distance of up to 200m and is especially useful for carrying lighter loads over long distances. The crane system can also be used in conjunction with other machinery or with a forklift to provide a single or dual purpose lifting operation.